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Title: Artificial intelligent based friction modelling and compensation in motion control system
Authors: Ismaila, Tijani B.
Salami, Momoh-Jimoh E.
Akmeliawati, Rini
Alfaro, Horacio M.
Keywords: Artificial intelligent
Friction modelling
Motion control system
Issue Date: 2011
Publisher: INTECH Open Access Publisher
Citation: Tijani Ismaila, B., Salami, M. J. E., Akmeliawati, R., & Alfaro, H. M. (2011). Artificial intelligent based friction modelling and compensation in motion control system. INTECH Open Access Publisher.
Abstract: The interest in the study of friction in control engineering has been driven by the need for 10 precise motion control in most of industrial applications such as machine tools, robot 11 systems, semiconductor manufacturing systems and Mechatronics systems. Friction has 12 been experimentally shown to be a major factor in performance degradation in various 13 control tasks. Among the prominent effects of friction in motion control are: steady state 14 error to a reference command, slow response, periodic process of sticking and sliding (stick-15 slip) motion, as well as periodic oscillations about a reference point known as hunting when 16 an integral control is employed in the control scheme. Table 1 shows the effects and type of 17 friction as highlighted by Armstrong et. al.(1994). It is observed that, each of task is 18 dominated by at least one friction effect ranging from stiction, or/and kinetic to negative 19 friction (Stribeck). Hence, the need for accurate compensation of friction has become 20 important in high precision motion control. Several techniques to alleviate the effects of 21 friction have been reported in the literature (Dupont and Armstrong, 1993; Wahyudi, 2003; 22 Tjahjowidodo, 2004; Canudas, et. al., 1986). 23 One of the successful methods is the well-known model-based friction compensation 24 (Armstrong et al., 1994; Canudas de Wit et al., 1995 and Wen-Fang, 2007). In this method, 25 the effect of the friction is cancelled by applying additional control signal which generates a 26 torque/force. The generated torque/force has the same value (or approximately the same) 27 with the friction torque/force but in opposite direction.
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