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Title: Evidence of aerobic utilization of di‐ortho‐substituted trichlorobiphenyls as growth substrates by Pseudomonas sp. SA‐6 and Ralstonia sp. SA‐4
Authors: Adebusoye, Sunday A.
Picardal, Flynn W.
Ilori, Matthew O.
Amund, Olukayode O.
Keywords: Bioremediation
Polychlorinated biphenyls
Ralstonia sp.
Pseudomonas sp.
Issue Date: May-2008
Publisher: Blackwell Publishing Ltd
Citation: Adebusoye, et al (2008) Evidence of Aerobic Utilization of di-Ortho-Substituted Trichlorobiphenyls as Growth Substrates by Pseudomonas sp SA-6 and Ralstonia sp SA-4. Environmental Microbiology 10 (5), 1165-1174.
Abstract: Robust and effective bioremediation strategies have not yet been developed for polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB)-contaminated soils. This is in part a result of the fact that otho- or ortho- and para-substituted congeners, frequent dead-end products of reductive dechlorination of PCB mixtures, have greatly reduced aerobic biodegradability. In this study, we report substantial evidence of utilization of diortho-substituted trichlorobiphenyls (triCBs) as growth substrates by Ralstonia sp. SA-4 and Pseudomonas sp. SA-6 in which ortho-substitution resulted in no obvious paterns of recalcitrance. These stains exhibited unusual preferences for growth on congeners chlorinated on both rings. Substrate uptake studies with benzoate grown cells revealed that the isolates attacked the 2-chlorophenyl rings of 2,2’,4- and 2,2’,5-triCB. Between 71% and 93% of the initial 0.23-0.34 mM dose of congeners were transformed in less than 261 h concomitant with non-stoichiometric production of respective dichlorobenzoates and chloride ion. In enzyme assays, activity of 2,3-dihydroxybiphenyl 1,2-dioxygenase was constitutive. Additionally, these strains harboured no detectable plasmids which, coupled with exponential growth on the two triCB congeners, suggested chromosomal location of PCB degradative genes. In addition to the fact that there is a paucity of information on degradation of PCBs by tropical isolates, growth on triCBs as a sole carbon and energy source has never been demonstrated for any natural or engineered microorganisms. Such isolates may help prevent accumulation of ortho-substituted congeners in natural systems and offer the hope for development of effective bioaugmentation or sequential anaerobic-aerobic bioremediation strategies.
URI: doi:10.1111/j.1462-2920.2007.01533.x
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