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Title: Introduction: Nigeria's Drive towards the Promotion of Peace, Justice and Strong Institutions
Other Titles: The Challenge of Promoting Peaceful Coexistence and Inclusive Governance in Nigeria
Authors: ORADI, Oradi
Keywords: Nigeria's Promotion of Peace
Justice and Strong Institutions
Challenge of Promoting Peaceful Coexistence and Inclusive Governance
Transitioning to Peace
Peace and Justice
Issue Date: Jun-2020
Publisher: ORADI
Citation: ORADI, SDGs (2019). Introduction: An Appraisal of Nigeria's Implementation of the “Quality Education” Goal
Abstract: A LL over the world, peace, human rights and effective governance based on the rule of law are important conduits for sustainable development. It is against this background that Goal 16 of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) is dedicated to the promotion of peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable development, the provision of access to justice for all and building effective, accountable institutions at all levels. Since September 2015, when President Muhammadu Buhari joined other world leaders to endorse the 17 SDGs, his administration has been striving to promote peace and justice as well as the building of strong institutions in Nigeria as envisaged by SDG16. In this edition of the SDGs Monitor Journal, we review the implementation of SDG16 in Nigeria. The review by our consultant, Professor Jibrin Ibrahim, Senior Fellow, Centre for Democracy and Development, reveals that Nigeria is not on track with respect to achieving the sub-goals or targets of SDG 16. For instance, while sub-goal 1 requires all member states of the United Nations to significantly reduce all forms of violence and related death rates everywhere, our review finds that rather, there has been a significant growth of wanton violence and death in Nigeria in recent years. It also finds that the country has witnessed the expansion of terrorism, ethnic militia and rural-based violence that are grouped as Boko Haram terrorism and farmer-herder clashes. The country is equally not on course in terms of sub-goal 3, which demands the promotion of the rule of law at the national and international levels and ensuring equal access to justice for all. Our review shows that the criminal justice system in the country has been particularly problematic because it is characterised by lack of respect for the rule of law and frequent abuse of the rights of Nigerians, and that these failings are the direct result of the corrupt nature of the police, the prisons and the courts. The study finds that certain factors such as the high level of insecurity in the country, weak judicial system, corruption and lack of strong institutions appear to be impediments to the actualisation of SDG16 in Nigeria by 2030. To put Nigeria on the path towards attaining SDG 16, it recommends that government should strive to significantly reduce all forms of violence, the judiciary must be truly independent, devoid of undue executive muzzling, and that all the critical institutions such as the Police, the Army, the Prison Service, and political parties should be strengthened. Happy reading
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